The Deciduous forest Biome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

              geography of the deciduous forest

 

                                         

Deciduous forests of the world

                                                                      

                                        Starved rock state park.  Utica Illinois

 

 

 

 

 

                   The Weather Cycles of the Deciduous Forest              The weather cycles in the deciduous forests changes from time to time. Weather can go from cold to dry with the coming of a new season. In autumn trees drop their leaves and remain bare throughout the winter. In spring, leaves once again grow from the trees. In the winter birds migrate south and animals hibernate.

All Deciduous forests are located between coniferous forests and Tropical Regions. Deciduous forests are found United States, Eastern Asia, Europe and Southern Africa. Rainfall is between 75-120cm a year.

The latitude range is anywhere from 23 degrees N and 38 degrees S. It has four seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Mild summers averaging about 70 degrees F. About 14 inches of rain in the winter months and 18 inches of rain in the summer.

Questions:

  1. Weather can go from ( answer ) to ( answer ) in deciduous forests.
  2. What is the rainfall of a deciduous forest per year?
  3. What happens to leaves in the spring?
  4. All deciduous forests are located between ( answer ) and ( answer ).
  5. In autumn trees do what to their leaves?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organisms

 

Plantae = Daisies, Ferns, mosses, Oak Tree, and the Elm Tree

 

Protista = amoeba, and Paramecium

 

Fungi = Mushroom, and lichens                                                    

 

Monera = Bacteria                                                                                                              

 

Animalia = red foxes, porcupine, wolf spiders, black bears, and mosquitoes, squirrel, Japanese beetle, hawk

 

 

 

 

 

                                     

                 Black Bear                       Mosses                               Bacteria                             Red Fox

 

                                                   

           Paramecium                           Daisies                            Oak Tree                           Mushroom

                                                                                       

                                                             Questions

  1. What are Bacteria?
  2. What are Daisies?
  3. What is a Red fox?
  4. What is Amoeba?
  5. What is a Mushroom?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specific Animal

                                  American Bald Eagle 

 

 

       Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum: Chordata               

        Class: Aves  

          Order: Falconiformes

   Genus: Haliateeus

  Family: Acicipitrde

  Species: Haliateeus Leccocephalus

                                         

Description: A large bird with big wings that can reach up to 8 ft, Black body, white head, sharp curved yellow beak, and orange feet.

Respiratory System: Air moves in through the lungs and on into the air sacs before moving back through the lungs and out again. Air passes through the lungs twice with each breathing cycle - twice that of mammals.

Reproductive system: It tends to breed during the winter in the south, and during the spring in the north. The female usually builds the most on the nest, (they are obsessed with building there nests). They breed between the months April and August depending on their location, reproducing every year on average. The female will lay the eggs but both parents or at least one is with it at all times.  

 

                        Questions

  1. The Bald eagle belongs to what kingdom?
  2. How far can its wings reach up to?
  3. What species is it?
  4. What class is it?
  5. How does its Respiratory system work?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                          

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                Food Web                                                                             

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                     

                                Black Bear                                      American Bald Eagle                               Red tailed Hawk

 

 

 

 

 


                                                                                                           

                          

                                                                                                      

                                                                                        Red Fox                                      Wolf Spider

 

 

 

                

 

                                                             A Red Squirrel - The Island is one of the few places in the country where these can still be found                            

                                         Rabbit                                         Red Squirrel                                    Japanese Beetle

 

 

 

 

                                                  

                                 Daisies                                     Fern                               Oak tree                   Lichens

 

                                                                        Questions

1, What is the red squirrel eaten by?

2. The bald eagle eats the wolf spider which eats the (       )?

3. The Rabbit eats the daisies and the (        )?

4. The bald eagle and the (       ) are at the top of the food chain.

5. The Daisies are eaten by three of the animals which are they?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adaptions

1.       Bald EagleThe bald eagle has extremely good vision it can see forward and to the side at the same time.

2.       Its sharpness is at least four times that of a person with perfect vision.

3.       Its beak is curved and sharp to help it rip its prey apart.

 

               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                          

                                              

                                                                                                                                                              

  1. In the spring they produce thin broad light weight leaves.
  2. These leaves are best when it’s warm.
  3. But when the temperature is cold they make an adoption to lose

       Their leaves.

 

 

 

 

 

                                                    Questions

1.       How many more times is the sharpness of the bald eagles vision than the humans?

2.       Why is the Bald eagles beak curved and sharp?

3.       When are the trees leaves at?

4.     When the temperature gets cold the trees do what?

5.      The Bald eagle has extremely good vision but can it see forward and to the side?

                                                                          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Endangered Species

 

Gray Wolf = the gray wolf lives in the northern parts of the deciduous forest and travel in packs. The gray wolf was put on the endangered species list in 1988. They have been hunted or driven out of there homes by humans.

 

                                                                                

                                                                                                              Gray wolf

 

 

 

Deforestation = Trees are cut down for paper, which destroys the habitat for many animals, which puts them in risk of extinction            

                                                                             

 

 

                                                Questions

  1. How does the gray wolf travel?
  2. When was it put on the endangered species list?
  3. Who are their predators?
  4. What part of the deciduous forests do they live in?
  5. Why is the animals  habitat destroyed?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Symbiosis

Of Plants and Animals

 

 

 

Symbiosis = symbiosis is the close relationship between to or more different species.

 

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...

 

Mutualism – both species benefit

Commensalism – one benefits while the other is unaffected

Parasitism – one benefits while the other is harmed

Competition – neither benefit

Neutralism – both are unaffected

 

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...

 

An example of symbiosis in the deciduous forest is the plants and the animals. The tall tree serves as a home for birds. The canopy serves as protection from predators and the heavy winds. The tree also grows berries and seeds for the birds to eat.  This is an example of commensalism because the animals benefit while the trees are unaffected.

 

 

 

Questions of symbiosis

 

1.      What is the relationship between a shark and barnacles?

2.     What is the relationship between woodpecker and an oak tree?

3.      What is the relationship between tree and grass in the deciduous forest?

4.    What is the relationship between frog and a spider?

5.     What is the relationship between an American goldfinch and crested flycatcher?

 

 

 

                         

 

 

 

                                         Webliography

 

1)      http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm

2)     http://www2.kpr.edu.on.ca/cdciw/biomes/tmpdecidresearch.htm

3)     http://jove.geol.niu.edu/faculty/fischer/429_info/429trips/starvedrock/IndexSR.html

4)    http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Bio96_97/P5/forest/Forest.html

5)     http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Bio96_97/P3/deciduous/DfJDKB.html

6)    http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent591k/symbiosis.html

    7)  http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Bio96_97/P5/d_forest/jenandem2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                          Chris Buyers

                                                                                                          Rickey Anspach

                                                                                                         Mrs. Jones  3rd Hour